Souvik Bhattacharya, deputy director and professor of mechanical engineering, IIT Kharagpur, on upcoming specializations in engineering.

Engineering education is slated for a paradigm shift. There has been a good bit of talk on switching from analysis to synthesis. Convergence seems to be the keyword rather than learning in silos. While the content is still important, the teaching techniques, too, are critical.Today, institutes deploy various strategies to enhance the learning experience. The curricula should emphasis the importance of experiential learning and design. Systems concepts have to be learnt and absorbed with a focus on innovation, creation and development of products.




APPLIED PETROLEUM ENGINEERING 

The M.Tech degree in applied petroleum engineering is largely a trans-disciplinary programmer combining inputs from geology and geophysics, mining engineering, chemical engineering and mechanical engineering. The degree is offered with various specializations at institutes such as the IITs; Indian School of Mines, Dhanbad; University of Petroleum and Energy Studies, Dehradun (UPES); among others. The general entry criteria is a B.Tech in an allied field of study such as chemical, mechanical, production, polymer or petrochemical engineering.

FINANCIAL ENGINEERING 

A PG degree in financial engineering is being welcomed by industry and financial institutions with attractive placement opportunities. Students with a strong numerical background can work with investment banks or other financial institutions to pursue a rewarding career in this field.

ENGINEERING ENTREPRENEURSHIP 

Yet another upcoming field of study is engineering entrepreneurship. Students with a B.Tech in any field can opt for this specialization at the M.Tech level.The programmer provides students the opportunity to develop their creative skills while applying principles of management, marketing and finance to the challenges of starting, growing or managing a business.

QUALITY ENGINEERING DESIGN AND MANUFACTURING 

PG programmers in quality engineering design and manufacturing, too, are gaining popularity among students from an industrial electronics or mechanical engineering background. The academic content of such programmers exposes students to major engineering aspects related to goods including product modelling and development, design for quality, maneuverability and assembly, etc. 

DATA SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING 

Data science and engineering, which trains engineers to analyse huge amounts of structured and unstructured data and take decisions based on such analytic, is becoming a popular option among learners. It is taught at some IITs and private institutes. A PG diploma in business analytic is jointly offered by ISI Calcutta, IIM Calcutta and IIT Kharagpur, providing inter-disciplinary exposure.

TRANSPORTATION ENGINEERING 

A number of institutes offer courses in transportation engineering. Graduate engineers with a B.Tech, BE or an equivalent degree in civil, electrical or mechanical engineering and a qualifying GATE score are eligible to apply for these programmers.  

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