Albert Einstein, a genius theoretical physicist, was born on the 14th of March 1879 in Germany. The mastermind lived for 76 years and contributed immensely to the world of science. He worked on statistical physics and thermodynamic fluctuations. One of the two pillars of modern physics, the General Theory of Relativity was developed by none other than Einstein. And this is not it, he is known for developing and influencing many a scientific theories. Here is a look at the major achievements of this brilliant mind:

  • Einstein proposed key changes to the Newtonian mechanics by studying the speed of light closely. It later came to be known as Einstein’s special theory of relativity. His theory was supported by experimental evidences and was accepted worldwide.
  • When Special Relativity began to fail, Einstein came up with General Relativity. He published a paper called General Relativity in the year 1915.
  • In the year 1917, Einstein published a paper that utilized the theory of general relativity to show the behaviour of the whole universe.
  • Einstein answered the question, “Why is the sky blue?”
  • He challenged the wave theory of light. He suggested that light has characteristics of both wave and particle theory. Einstein stated that light is made of small particles known as photons.
  • For his contribution to theoretical physics and particularly for his discovery of the law of photoelectric effect he received the Nobel Prize in physics in 1921.
  • Einstein explained how to calculate Avogadro’s size and number of molecules.
  • The genius mind asserted the equivalence of energy and mass that led to the formula E= mc2. This is known to be the world’s most popular equation.
  • He examined the thermal properties of light that laid base for the photon theory of light.
  • He was awarded the Copley Medal by the Royal Society in 1925.
  • In the year 1929, Einstein was awarded the Max Planck medal of the German Physical Society for his outstanding achievements in theoretical physics.
  • For his work on relativity and photo electric effect, Einstein was presented the Franklin Institute’s Franklin Medal in 1936.

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