What is Biochemical Engineering?

Biochemical EngineeringBiochemical engineering is basically a branch of chemical engineering that deals with the building and designing of unit processes that include biological organisms or molecules. The study is mainly applied in the pharmaceutical, food, petrochemical, biotechnology and water treatment industry. This 4 year degree program is quite similar to chemical engineering or biological engineering. It trains the students in biochemical engineering, biotechnology, microbial and enzyme systems. Here is a closer look at this interesting field of engineering.

Eligibility Criteria for Biochemical Engineering

In order to seek admission in undergraduate biochemical engineering programme a candidate must qualify the following criteria:

  • He must have passed 10+2 with Physics, Chemistry, Biology and Mathematics as the core subjects. He must also have scored the minimum qualifying marks.
  • Many private, state and central universities also conduct independent entrance tests for biochemical engineering. A candidate mostly requires minimum 50% marks in 12th standard to appear for these tests.

Those seeking admission in postgraduate biochemical engineering course must:

  • Hold a degree in Bachelor of Engineering/ B. Tech in Biochemical Engineering.
  • Have a good score in the entrance tests conducted for this program.

Subjects Covered Under Biochemical Engineering

The students require studying the following subjects as a part of the biochemical engineering course:

  • Biochemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Environmental Studies
  • Environmental Biotechnology
  • Bioprocess Equipment Design and Computational Methods
  • Bioprocess Modelling and Simulation
  • Bioentrepreneurship
  • Fertilizer Technology
  • Polymer Technology

Scope of Biochemical Engineering

There is a lot of scope for the biochemical engineering graduates and postgraduates. Here is a look at the industries that demand these professionals:

  • Agriculture and Chemical Industry
  • Food and Beverage Industry
  • Pharmaceutical Companies
  • Petroleum Oil and Gas Industry
  • Engineering Design Companies
  • Waste Management Industry
  • Biomedical Firms

Biochemical engineering graduates and postgraduates can also work as bioinstrumentation engineer, biomaterial engineer, biomechanics engineer, patent analyst, systems physiology engineer, research scientists, teachers or lecturers.

What does a Biochemical Engineer do?

Biochemical engineers are involved in the research and development of new chemical products. Their profile also includes documenting and producing products extracted from a blend of organic and lab-tested material. These engineers are involved in the production of agricultural chemicals, petroleum products, cleaning products, fibrous products, perfumes, cosmetics and much more. The products are all prepared to benefit the individuals as well as the society.

Here is a brief look at some of the other job duties of Biochemical Engineers:

  • They conduct studies on biological substances such as proteins, viruses and cells. This is done to understand favourable conditions for their growth.
  • They conduct experiments to monitor the interaction of raw material in different environments.
  • They develop processes to derive new compounds from the available material.
  • They require coordinating with those in the process and product development field.
  • They also require dealing with chemists, biologists, manufacturing department and research personnel.

Besides conducting research and development in the laboratories, biochemical engineers also have a chance to become a plant supervisor.

All in all, biochemical engineers are much in demand and the trend is only growing by the day! No wonder, various reputed engineering institutes in India are offering this program and the number of students seeking admission in the same is on an all time high.

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