Biotechnology: The Stream of Biology

Carrer in Biotechnology

Biotechnology makes use of living systems or organisms to develop or modify products and technologies. Biotechnology has been made use of in food production, preservation, medicine and agriculture since thousands of years. However, the term is said to be coined just about a 100 years ago in the year 1919 by Karoly Ereky, Hungarian engineer.

Biotechnology includes procedures that modify different organisms to suit human purposes. It has helped in bringing about improvements in the cultivation of crops and domestication of animals by breeding programs. In the modern times, it involves genetic engineering as well as cell and tissue culture technologies.


B. Tech Biotechnology or BSc Biotechnology

Biotechnology has evolved and expanded over the time and encompasses various new sciences like recombinant gene techniques, applied immunology and genomics. If you are planning to pursue a degree in Biotechnology, you have the option of choosing between:

  • Tech Biotechnology
  • B Sc Biotechnology

B. Tech degree in biotechnology includes the study of biological sciences as well as the engineering aspect of biotechnology. It includes science subjects such as Molecular Biology, Cell Biology, Microbiology, etc and engineering subjects like Thermodynamics, Biochemical Engineering, Bioprocess Engineering to name a few.
BSc degree in biotechnology focuses on the biological sciences with just one or two subjects related to industrial processes. The subjects covered under this include Plant and Animal Biotechnology, Biochemistry, Microbial Genetics, Molecular Biology among others.


Here is a look at the scope of both these courses:

  • B. Tech Biotechnology

The field of biotechnology is still in its developing phase in India and therefore the job openings as well as the salary packages offered aren’t very high. You can acquire job in pharmaceutical companies, research labs and institutions after pursuing this course.

  • B. Sc Biotechnology

It is suggested to go for MSc in biotechnology so as to widen your scope of acquiring a good job. This course can also land you in a research institution as the field is highly research oriented. Since it is still an emerging field in our country, the pay package and opportunities may not be very high after pursuing this course as well.

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