Indian Schools have been following almost the same education methodology since decades wherein the theoretical knowledge is given more prominence over practical experience. The methodology has often been criticized as it focuses on mugging up chapters to crack the exams rather than enhancing a student’s analytical and observational skills.
It has been stressed time and again that the performance of many students may improve if this conventional examination centric evaluation is altered. However, no steps seem to have been taken to bring about changes to this pattern.
Up till grade 10th, a student is required to study all the subjects. Science is probably the only subject in which the students are given some lab exposure. However, that too is nothing compared to the heaps of theoretical lessons they need to grasp to crack their exam.
While the students choose between the Science, Commerce and Humanities stream as they are promoted to the 11th grade, the two years that follow only teach them the theoretical aspects of the subjects opted by them. There is no any kind of vocational training provided to the students. Besides, they cannot go ahead and choose just any course post passing out of the school. The courses they can pursue are strictly based on the percentage they obtain in the CBSE board exams or any other board they sit for in the 12th standard.
Apart from this, it has been observed that individual focus is missing in the class. A class, in a standard Indian school, usually consists of at least, 30-35 students and given the limited amount of time, it is difficult for the teachers to give special attention to each student. Many do not even encourage the students to put across a lot of questions and purely focus on completing the syllabus on time. Students in higher classes mostly rely on private tuitions to fetch good marks in their school exams as they do while preparing for competitive examinations such as JEE. The lectures conducted in the school are thus reduced to a mere formality.