Indian Institutes of Technology are top rated engineering colleges in the country, governed by the Institutes of Technology Act, 1961. There are a total of 23 Indian Institutes based in different locations across India including Delhi, Bombay, Kharagpur, Hyderabad, Kanpur, Roorkee, Madras, Guwahati, Jammu, Bhubaneswar, Dhanbad, Ropar, Bhilai, Gandhinagar, Indore, Palghat, Patna, Tirupati, Jodhpur, Varanasi, Mandi, Dharwad and Goa. There is a common IIT Council that looks after the administration of all these institutes.
The admission to the undergraduate courses in these premier institutes is given by conducting the Joint Entrance Examination Advanced while the admission to the post graduate courses is given on the basis of the candidates’ performance in the Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE). Besides the B. Tech, M. Tech and MS programs, IITs also offer programs such as MBA, M.Sc in Physics, Chemistry and Maths and PhD. The admission to different programs is given through different entrance exams such as Common Entrance Examination for Design (CEED), Common Admission Test (CAT) and Joint Admission Test for Masters (JAM).
In comparison to the other engineering colleges in the country, IITs receive much higher grants from the government. Each IIT gets as much as Rs. 90 crores – 1.3 Arab of government funding per annum while the other engineering colleges receive merely Rs. 10-20 crores per annum.
IITs offer on-campus accommodations to the students, faculty members as well as research scholars. The students are required to stay in the IIT hostel during the tenure of their course. Besides, offering high quality education, IITs ensure the all round development of the students. The students need to select between National Cadet Corps (NCC), National Sports Organization (NSO) and National Service Scheme (NSS). IITs encourage the students to participate in different sports activities. Technical and cultural festivals are also organized here for further development of the IITians.