Scientists have contributed immensely in the growth and development of the society. Scientific inventions have made our lives comfortable and convenient. Here are some of the Indian scientists that earned fame worldwide for their contribution in the field of science:
Acharya J. C. Bose
Bose was born in November 1858 in West Bengal. A genius in the field of science, he was a physicist, biologist, botanist, archaeologist and polymath. He laid the foundation of experimental science in the Indian sub-continent.
He was known for the study of radio and microwave optics. He was the first person to employ semiconductor junctions for the detection of radio signals. Wireless communication was demonstrated for the first time by Bose.
He also contributed immensely to the study of plants. Crescograph is one of his most popular inventions. It was invented to measure plant response to different stimuli and stated that plants can also understand affection and feel pain.
Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman
Born in the year 1888 in the Indian Province of Madras, C.V. Raman was a physicist who brought fame to the country by his findings in the field of science.
C.V. Raman discovered that when light traverses a transparent substance some of it changes in wavelength. This phenomenon came to be known as the Raman scattering from the Raman effect.
He was the first Asian who received the noble price in the field of science. He was awarded the Noble Prize in Physics in the year 1930. He was also honoured by the Bharat Ratna in the year 1954. This is the highest civilian award in India.
Born in May, 1929 in Chennai, Venkataraman earned fame by his discoveries in the field of space science. His inputs were of immense help in unleashing the mysteries surrounding galaxy structures, pulsars and interstellar clouds. During his times, he was one of the most renowned Radio Astronomers in the world. He was associated with the world’s biggest radio telescopes. He was particularly known for his fabrication and design of ultra light aircraft and sailboats.
He was also a member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences.
Homi Jehangir Bhabha
A renowned Indian scientist, Homi Jehangir Bhabha was born in October 1909 in Bombay. His career in the field of nuclear physics began in Great Britain. He returned to India and convinced Jawaharlal Nehru to begin nuclear program. Bhabha was known for his contribution in the Quantam Theory. He was the first chairman of the atomic energy commission of India. He is known as the father of Indian nuclear power however he was against the manufacturing of atomic bombs.
Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam
Born in October 1931 in Rameswaram, Tamil Nadu, A.P.J. Abdul Kalam studied physics and aerospace engineering. He became an aerospace engineer with Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) and Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO).
On the very onset of his career, Kalam designed a small helicopter for the Indian Army. He soon became the part of the INCOSPAR committee working under the famous space scientist, Vikram Sarabhai. He later became the project director of India’s first indigenous Satellite Launch Vehicle (SLV-III). He won various awards including the Bharat Ratna award for his achievement.
He also became the 11th President of India and served from 2002 to 2007.